Taraz Kazakhstan History
Our 9-day Central Asia vacation took us to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to explore many of the big cities along the Silk Road. Shymkent is the second most populous city in Kazakhstan, with such a history surrounded by modern architecture. It is a great tourist destination and a place to enjoy the hospitality of the south, as well as a beautiful city with a rich history.
In the Middle Ages the town was inhabited by the Kazakh Khan and his family, as well as other Kazakh-Kazakh and later other Turkic peoples.
However, Karachani's rule did not last long when the Mongols invaded in 1220 and Shymkent grew under the Sogdians, who settled in the area around the present city of Tajikistan, a remnant of an ancient civilization that at various times included the regions of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. From the 1890s, the Turkic peoples of Central Asia, especially the Kazakhs, began to colonize the city and its surroundings, especially the village of Shyla. Archaeological excavations of artifacts found in and around this city have confirmed that there were a large number of ancient settlements, some of which date back as far as 2,000 years.
This is a valuable secret, as these structures are now the centerpieces of the ancient cities of Turkestan, the centerpiece of an ancient city in Turkestan.
Human society living in the area of today's Kazakhstan speaks about the history of the Silk Roads and their connection to the ancient world. This article first presents the most important urban centres of Turkestan, which passed through the territories of this country and functioned as a commercial centre along the Silk Roads that ran through them. This gives us a good idea of what Kazakhstan's "Silk Roads" looked like. We present the aforementioned corridors of the Silk Road that crossed the territory of our country and present some of its historical significance.
The authors are members of a private scientific research organization called Archaeological Expertise based in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and they are experts in researching the history of Turkestan and the Silk Roads in general. After the exploration of Kazakhstan's urban centres on the "Silk Roads," scientific publications will be published that will provide information on the archaeological and cultural heritage of these urban centres in Kazakhstan. In 2001-2004, UNESCO Kazakhstan and Japan carried out a joint research project on "The Silk Road and its connection to the ancient world." The author is Professor of Archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the University of St. Petersburg.
The construction site of the modern city of Taraza is hidden in the Turkestan mountains on the border between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, about 30 km south of Almaty, Kazakhstan. Taraz, the oldest city in Kazakhstan with over 3,000,000 inhabitants, is one of these ancient cities in Kazakhstan; originally it was separated from other places by a series of walls, including the ancient city of Tashkent, a city of the same name. It is located at the intersection of two roads, which border Kazakhstan to the south and Gygygyzstan to the south. It has a population of about 3,000,000 inhabitants.
Taraz is multicultural, with many Russian speakers and has a large number of ethnic Kazakhs, Turkic speakers and Russians. The city was the capital of the Kazakh khanate and was known from the 16th to the 18th century as a centre for trade and trade relations between the Kyrgyz and Turkmen, the Turkmen spokesmen. In the first quarter of the 19th century, Kokand khanates conquered what is now southeast Kazakhstan, including Taras, Tashkent, Almaty, Krasnoyarsk, Karabakh and other parts of Kazakhstan. During the Dzungars - Kalmyks raids, they used the weakness of Kazakh Juz as a weakness in their raids.
The 13th Taraz remained an important centre of the Mongolian Empire, and Sygnak became the political centre of the state of Ak - Orda. Later, in 1867, it became an occupied Uyezd and was finally ruled by a military administration.
After long serving as the center of the Silk Road connecting Asia and Europe, the Mongol invasion of the early 13th century ushered in genuine political consolidation, and a distinct Kazakh identity developed among the Turkic tribes. In the 15th century, a process began to consolidate the emergence of Kazakh language, culture and economy by the middle of the 16th century.
This culminated with the celebrated foundation and exploits in the Taraz Valley, an event that preceded the conquest of the territory that would later form what is now Russia. Archaeological excavations show that Kazakh nomads were involved in this rebirth of Taras, since cultural connections connected the ancient medieval city with the culture and people of Kazakhstan. There is evidence that Turks were an important ethnic component of this population (quote required).
The Cuman invaded the steppes of today's Kazakhstan in the early 11th century, where they later joined the Kipchak and founded the huge confederation "Cuman - KIPChak." Mongolian ancestors and was one of the first khans to defeat them and unite the divided Kazakh tribes in the 18th century with the help of the Russian Empire. The city was renamed Dzhambul (Russian: "DzHambul" and Kazakh: Zhambyl) in honor of Mirzoyan, who was executed for his role in the conquest of Taras by the Ottoman Empire during World War II. He then lived with his wife and children in Taraz, the capital of Kazakhstan, until his death at the age of 80.